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“乡村振兴”背景下村落建设培育模式的策略研究

作者:优质期刊论文发表网  来源:www.yzqkw.com  发布时间:2019/10/29 8:16:18  

摘要:党的十八大以来,习近平同志就做好“三农”工作提出了一系列重要的论述,提出了一系列新理念、新思想、新战略。而十九大报告中提出的“乡村振兴战略”更将乡村建设问题提上了重要议程。而因为近年来的城市化进程,导致大量乡村居民涌向城市,以及乡村的城市化、休闲化,导致了乡村村落环境、居住条件及地方特色的丧失。本文将通过结合十九大提出的乡村振兴战略研究,对村落建设做一个有益的思考,从中获取村落建设的思路,建设属于中国的特色乡村环境。

如今很多村落存在问题,诸如:管理不到位、交通割裂、基础设施落后等。本文将通过重点分析小园村、邱家巷改造案例来进行阐述村落建设的策略,根据村落原有地形、地貌以及自然人文景观,打造慢生活、软改造的优美环境,显文化、强特色的乡村环境。做到合理展现乡村生活、串联乡村景观及民俗文化;提供新的休憩场所;提供人际交往空间、促进城乡交流沟通;建立生物廊道、提供健康生活空间、增强生态效益。建设“人文淳美”“生活和美”“村容优美”“村庄秀美”四位一体的适宜居住的优美乡村。保留及发扬乡村文化,借鉴日本的“一村一品”乡村建设改造运动,通过研发乡村本地特色产业,帮助增加当地就业机会,缓解剩余劳动力的压力,促进乡村经济发展水平,提升发展潜力,形成良性循环。要针对本土地形地貌,提供合理的景观环境设计。主要分为四块研究:田园景观、乡道景观、水体景观以及基础设施。

Since the 18th CPC National Congress,comrade Xi Jin-ping has made a series of important discussions on the work ofagriculture, rural areas and farmers, and put forward a series of new ideas,new thoughts and new strategies. And the ‘Rural Revitalization Strategy’ wasput into an important agenda. Because of the urbanization process these year, alarge number of rural residents rush to the cities, and the urbanization andleisure of the villages lead to the loss of rural village environment, livingconditions and local characteristics. This article will combine the RuralRevitalization Strategy, make a beneficial thinking of the village landscape,and get the train of thought of village construction, and build a ruralenvironment under the Chinese characteristics.

Nowadays, many villages have problems suchas: incorrect management, traffic separation, backwardness of infrastructure,and so on. This article will elaborate the village construction strategyanalysis of the village. According to the original village topography andnatural landscape, create a slow life, soft environment and culturaltransformation to build a comfortable environment. Building a quaternityvillage, developing the local rural special products, solving the problems ofemployment and improving the level of rural economy.

关键词:景观设计;整体规划;村落建设;乡村振兴

Village construction; Rural Revitalization;landscape design; overall planning

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